The Noun-Phrase

Tugas Softskill 3

Nama : Khusniana Pratiwi

NPM : 11209142

Kelas : 4EA14

The Noun-Phrase

A noun phrase is a phrase which includes a noun (also called head) and optionally modifiers.

Examples:

Love is a beautiful feeling. (Love is a noun phrase without modifiers. However, a beautiful feeling is a noun phrase that includes a noun, feeling, and the determiner a and the adjective beautiful).

My house is over there. (My house is a noun phrase which consists of the noun house and a modifier – the possessive adjective my)

Possible noun modifiers

A noun phrase may optionally contain noun modifiers. If these modifiers are placed before the noun they are called pre-modifiers. However, if they are placed after the noun, they are called post-modifiers. Possible noun modifiers include the following:

1. Determiners

– articles (thea),

– demonstratives (thisthat)

– numerals (twofive, etc.)

– possessives (mytheir, etc.)

– quantifiers (somemany, etc.).

In English, determiners are usually placed before the noun;

2. adjectives (the delicious food)

3. complements, in the form of a prepositional phrase (such as: the student of physics), or a That-clause (the idea  that the world is a small village )

 

Functions of a noun phrase

Noun phrases can function as subjects, objects:

– That sophisticated woman is beautiful. (That sophisticated woman is a noun phrase that functions as a subject.)

– I like the book that you bought. (the book that you bought is a noun phrase that functions as an object.)

What are determiners?

A determiner is used to modify a noun. It indicates reference to something specific or something of a particular type. This function is usually performed by articles, demonstratives, possessive determiners, or quantifiers.

Determiners vs pronouns

Determiners are followed by a noun.

  • The man
  • This book
  • Some people

Subject pronouns ( I , you , he , etc.) and possessive pronouns (mine, yours, his, etc.) cannot be determiners because they can never be followed by a noun.

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